The Diffusion of Policy Norms to International Organizations: The Protection of Civilians and Public Information in UN Peacekeeping Operations

Kseniya Oksamytna

UNIGE Open Archives. Nov 2014 [Link]

Supervisors: René Schwok (UNIGE) & Raffaele Marchetti (LUISS)


The debate on whether member states or bureaucrats have the upper hand in determining international organizations' behavior masks the complex reality in which states, officials, independent experts and civil society actors enter into discussions or negotiations about what is appropriate for a certain organization. In order to provide a more nuanced account of this reality, the dissertation applies the norm diffusion framework to explaining the evolution of aspects of UN peacekeeping policy and practice in the post-Cold War period. It looks at the policy norms prescribing missions to afford protection to civilians under imminent threat of physical violence and develop public information campaigns for the local population. The dissertation theorizes four diffusion mechanisms, which can operate in two modes, and five categories of scope conditions, which affect the functioning of each mechanism and mode. The study has contributed to the literatures on norm diffusion, international organizations, and UN peacekeeping.

This project receives funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Grant Agreement No 722826.