European Legal Networks in Crisis
In 2010, the sovereign debt crisis erupted in the European Union (EU) and continues to raise critical questions about the macro-economic governance structure of the EU. The Eurozone crisis impacted not only financial stability, but also confidence in the EU system. Reform of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) institutional structure as well as member states fiscal positions have been contentious issues. A key aspect has been the creation of various financial mechanisms which are anchored in hybrid legal arrangements.
How can we understand the role of legal expertise in the Eurozone crisis and the institutional outcomes thereof, and how is the Eurozone crisis policy response legally legitimated? The role of law in European integration has been significant, from the first narratives of the constitutionalisation of the Treaties through the CJEU’s case law (Stein, 1981; Weiler 1991), to the positive feedback loops created by the preliminary reference tool connecting national courts to the CJEU in legal dialogue (Sandholtz and Stone Sweet 1997; Stone Sweet & Brunell 1998; Stone Sweet 2004). Essentially, this is a story of how law played a role in the institutional construction of the European Union. However, there is similarly a large literature on the role of European legal actors conceived in terms of Bourdieusian fields (Cohen 2010; Cohen and Vauchez 2007; Madsen 2011, 2015), as well as recent theorization of ‘weak fields’ of European law (Mudge and Vauchez, 2012; Vauchez 2008, 2011), in the construction of the EU. These weak fields indicate that the complexity of the EU governance structure is very much a small group environment (Alter & Meunier 2009). In other words, there is a very specific type of legal expertise needed to manage the complexity of the EU governance structure (especially in relation to the national levels) which leads to groups of professionals taking control over whatever issues are at stake (Henriksen & Seabrooke 2017). With the advent of the Eurozone crisis, the lack of legal expertise needed to deal with issues of Economic & Monetary Union gave rise to new constellations of experts coming together to construct a policy response, which can be seen in the myriad legal mechanisms, such as the EFSF, EFSM, ESM, Fiscal Compact, Six-pack, Two-pack etc. which are based on various types of law and legal hybrids (international public law, private law, EU law, etc.). By tracing the networks and discourse of this emerging field of EMU law, which is centered around key actors involved in the Eurozone crisis policy response, it is shown that the reliance on hybrid legal constructions of the economic problems and solutions leads to a high degree of institutional complexity and uncertainty, as well as critical tensions over who actually has political authority over Member States’ economies and budgets.
In ensuring the certainty of the rule of law for citizens in the European Union, as well as ensuring the stability of the macro-economy, political authority over the macro-economic governance needs to be better understood. Otherwise tensions caused by uncertainty, especially when different political actors with diverging interests capitalise on this uncertainty, can lead to further fragmentation of the European Union as well as self-reinforcing political echo chambers, which ends with ineffective governance and instability.
Nov 2016 – Sep 2017 Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Oct 2017 – Aug 2018 Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Sep 2018 – Feb 2019 McKinsey & Company, Brussels, Belgium
Mar 2019 – Oct 2019 Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Degrees & Titles
M.Sc. International Business and Politics, Copenhagen Business School, 2016
B.Sc. Business Administration and Sociology, Copenhagen Business School, 2014
Editor, The Universal Human Rights Journal for students, Feb 2015 – Present
Research Assistant, Copenhagen Business School, June – Oct 2016
Student Research Assistant, Copenhagen Business School, July 2015 – May 2016
Proofreader of PhDs and scientific articles, for Copenhagen Business School, University of Copenhagen, Roskilde University, Aarhus University, Nov 2012 – Feb 2016
Guest Lecturer, University of Copenhagen, March 2014 – June 2015
Student Instructor in International Political Economy, Copenhagen Business School, Sep 2014 – Dec 2014
Student Research Assistant, Copenhagen Business School, Feb 2014 – Sep 2014
I was born in Johannesburg, South Africa in 1985 to a South African mother and a Danish father. Growing up in Johannesburg was fascinating, difficult and beautiful, especially given South Africa's transition to democracy in 1994 with the election of Nelson Mandela. My childhood was comfortable, but punctuated with experiences that gave me a view into the socio-economic challenges and political tensions that a nascent democracy must confront as well as the subsequent integration of many different societal groups. This process has been successful in some ways, for example, an expanding middle- and upper-class as well as the emergence of an eclectic and wonderfully vibrant culture; but it has been challenging in other dimensions, most distressingly, the many citizens that still live in dire poverty. The context of my childhood was thus rife with politically stimulating conversations as well as a persistant exploration of what exactly it meant to be South African. Such an experience has stayed with me in the form of an ever curious and analytical stance to the society in which I live. I moved to Copenhagen when I was 21 to explore my Danish roots and learn the Danish language. This experience was fundamental to my integration into Danish society, which I see as a hard-won success, as it has entailed a lot of patience as well as energy to consistently engage in Danish culture and politics - that is, develop a substantive Danish identity - while still retaining my own sense of South African identity, which is very important to me. In Denmark I pursued my tertiary education at Copenhagen Business School, first earning a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration & Sociology, and then a Master’s degree in International Business & Politics. During my Master’s degree, I did an exchange period in Italy, where I studied Constitutional Law, with which I’ve become fascinated. Finally, the strong focus on multi-disciplinarity and pluralistic research approaches during my undergrad and graduate degree has inspired me to pursue this PhD. I am very grateful for the opportunity to be a part of the exciting GEM-STONES programme.
Haagensen, N (Forthcoming) Transnational Networks of the Sovereign Debt Restructuring Regime, in CITRINE edited volume, Jacob Hasselbalch & George Christou. Routledge
Haagensen, N. & Henriksen, L. F. (Forthcoming) Social Network Analysis in Morin, Jean-Frédéric, Christian Olsson and Ece Özlem Atikcan (eds). Key Concepts in Research Methods. Oxford: Routledge.
Haagensen, N., Lisa Haagensen and Alexander Andersson. 2016. “Categorization and Context: Towards an Interdisciplinary Approach to Human Rights”. The Universal: Annual Human Rights Review, Vol. 1.
- attended a Methods Workshop at Copenhagen University on "Quantitative Data & Web Data Collection For Legal Studies", October 2018
- attended a Workshop on Concepts at CBS, March 2018
- presented paper at Danish Sociology Congress 2018 called "Networks as Stories: German Legal Experts"
- presented paper at ISA 2018 Conference called "Mobilization of European Legal Networks in Euro-crisis law"
- presented paper for Enlighten Workshop, June 2017
- presented PhD at Early Career Seminar at CBS September 2017
- attended a Methods Workshop on Social Network Analysis at CBS, October 2017
- attended the ULB Political Science Seminar 2016-2017